Preliminary and General Costs


P & G’s are defined as those expenses which are incurred before work in producing the project deliverable commences, together with those costs that are non-specific to a particular Bill or Activity list item. P&G cost therefore represents those costs which cannot be reasonably allocated to any specific identified activity on a project. In this regard the international Webster comprehensive dictionary defines the word preliminary as “antecedent or introductory to the main business” and defines the word general as “pertaining to including or affecting all of the whole; not local or particular”. The term originates from civil engineering industry where those costs which are not attributable to a specific bill of quantity item rate or cost were collected under the heading “P & G expenses.” Continue reading

Application of P&G Cost to the Calculations for an Extension of Time

Where P & G cost are incorporated in any contract or order by schedule or list, there must be a clear distinction between time related costs, value related cost, and fixed cost. Continue reading

Estimating Planning Durations and Resources

A project plan is a tool that enables the project management to allocate resources and attention appropriate to the status of the project. When I mention the “status of the project” I mean specifically whether the project is late or early, whether the project is running at high efficiency (earned value) or low efficiency, and so on, in accordance with the latest update of the plan. Continue reading

Concurrency of Delays in Projects

Concurrent delay in a project occurs when 2 or more parties are late at the same time. What, you may well ask, is the problem with concurrency? The project is late and the first order of business is to reduce or eliminate the lateness through re-planning, acceleration, or any other means. Continue reading